Windham, the owner of a manufacturing company in Dallas, is part of a small but dedicated band of investors who have bid their brokers and financial advisers goodbye and have turned to the Internet to handle investment decisions themselves.
Do-it-yourself-investing websites, such as Covestor, kaChing and MarketRiders, hold particular appeal for people who are frustrated and fed up after two bear markets that lost them more money than they've made.
For these investors, the traditional brokerage model is broken. They want no part of actively managed mutual funds that disclose portfolio holdings only four times a year and charge high fees for mediocre results. Moreover, they feel boxed in: Many of them are wealthy by most standards but don't necessarily have a spare $250,000 that many independent money managers require to open an account.
On sites such as Covestor and kaChing, investment results and trading are transparent. Customers can copy the moves of professionals and amateurs, or open a brokerage account and tag along with a chosen investor in model portfolios that automatically mirror trades within seconds of their execution.
"They put the performance up on the screen for everybody to look at, and there's competition" among the investment managers, said Windham, who has put his money in a brokerage account with Covestor Investment Management, a service of Covestor.
"I love the competition factor," Windham said. "Plus, they have to invest their own money. It would seem to me that they'll be more disciplined about the research and a lot less likely to promote a product."
At Covestor Investment Management, a $10,000 minimum investment provides access to about 60 different managers, about two-thirds of whom are individuals, such as John Mooney, a University of Oklahoma history professor with no formal investment training, and Robert Freedman, an optical surgeon in Wisconsin who describes himself as having 40 years of investing experience. Other non-professional managers are closer to the financial business.
Access to managers individual or institutional can be pricey. Fees on a $10,000 account range between $75 a year for a low-maintenance ex-change-traded fund portfolio to as much as $230 for a specialized opportunistic strategy where the manager trades frequently. Trading costs are separate. Most of the model managers require a minimum investment of $5,000 and charge about 1.5 percent. That's comparable to an actively managed diversified U.S. stock fund, where fees average about 1.4 percent.
Perry Blacher, Covestor's chief executive, said the firm aims to "deinstitutionalize" money management. "People say, 'Just because I gave money to this big firm, are they necessarily the best place?' What speaks is actual credentials and that they have their own money in the model."
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